Historical background

After Mexican Independence, Aguascalientes was part of the state of Zacatecas and

on May 23, 1835 it became an independent, free and sovereign state.

Aguascalientes has grown out of the geographical and historical conditions that encompassed and shaped its founding. Before the Spanish conquest the region was inhabited by several nomadic and warlike tribes of Chichimeca origin. The arrival of the Spanish proved to be the key event in the subsequent development of the area which today we know as the State of Aguascalientes.

La Ruta de la Plata (The Silver Route) passed through the region. Silver was transported from the mines in Zacatecas to the capital of New Spain, which we know as Mexico City. Along the route, suppliers of all kinds of services, farmers and traders settled. In order to provide refuge and respite from the constant Chichimeca attacks along the route, on October 22nd 1575, a place named the Antigua Villa de Nuestra Señora de la Asunción de las Aguas Calientes was established, deriving its name from the abundant thermal waters in the area.

During the Colonial Period, the principal activities revolved around the building of churches, convents and missions, as well as the promotion of farming and cattle-raising, activities essential to the subsistence of surrounding towns and villages.

During this period Aguascalientes was part of New Galicia. Economic growth really took off in the twentieth century with the rise of the railroad workshops, the Great Central Mexican Foundry, and the establishment of several flour, starch and textile mills

This development was to lead to the first workers’ movements, born from dissatisfaction with the country’s political, economic and social systems, which in turn contributed to the outbreak of revolution in 1910.

Así, el 22 de octubre de 1575, se funda la antigua Villa de Nuestra Señora de la Asunción de las Aguas Calientes.


The Revolutionary Convention was held at the Morelos Theater during the months of October and November 1914.

The backdrop of the Convention was revolutionary and it remains one of the country’s most important historical events. The Convention’s goal was to keep the peace between the different revolutionary forces.

The sense of harmony, hospitality and peace which characterized the state as a result of the Convention explains why, during the Cristera War, refuge was given to large numbers of people who would later help make Aguascalientes the second most important dairy-producing region in the country and an important hub of livestock distribution. Emigration from the Jalisco Highlands also played a role in shaping local culture.

Viva Aguascalientes